The synthetic element hassium, number 108 on the periodic table, is named after the state of Hesse.
As early as the Paleolithic period, the Central Hessian region was inhabited.
After Philip's death in 1567, the territory was divided among his four sons from his first marriage (Philip was a bigamist) into four lines: Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Rheinfels, and the also previously existing Hesse-Marburg.
As the latter two lines died out quite soon (15, respectively), Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt were the two core states within the Hessian lands.
Hessia occupies the northwestern part of the modern German state of Hesse; its borders were not clearly delineated.) is a federal state (Land) of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.The state capital is Wiesbaden; the largest city is Frankfurt am Main.By 690 they were taking direct control over Hessia, apparently to counteract expansion by the Saxons, who built fortifications in Gaulskopf and Eresburg across the river Diemel, the northern boundary of Hessia.The Büraburg (which already had a Frankish settlement in the sixth century) was one of the places the Franks fortified in order to resist the Saxon pressure, and according to John-Henry Clay the Büraburg was "probably the largest man-made construction seen in Hessia for at least seven hundred years".
Dating service Offenbach am Main
The region was later settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe around the first century BC, and the name Hesse is a continuation of that tribal name.The ancient Romans had a military camp in Dorlar, and in Waldgirmes directly on the eastern outskirts of Wetzlar was a civil settlement under construction.Presumably, the provincial government for the occupied territories of the right bank of Germania was planned at this location.The governor of Germania, at least temporarily, likely had resided here.Until the unification of Germany, the territory of Hesse was occupied by the Grand Duchy of Hesse, the Duchy of Nassau, the free city of Frankfurt and the Electorate of Hesse, known also as Hesse-Cassel.
Due to divisions after World War II, the modern federal state does not cover the entire cultural region of Hesse which includes both the State of Hesse and the area known as Rhenish Hesse (Rheinhessen) in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
Its geographic center is Fritzlar; it extends in the southeast to Hersfeld on the Fulda river, in the north to past Kassel and up to the rivers Diemel and Weser.
To the west, it occupies the valleys of the rivers Eder and Lahn (the latter until it turns south).
The German term Hessen is used by the European Commission because their policy is to leave regional names untranslated (paragraphs 1.31 & 1.35).
The term "Hesse" ultimately derives from a Germanic tribe called the Chatti, who settled in the region in the first century B. An inhabitant of Hesse is called a Hessian (German: Hesse (masculine) or Hessin (feminine)).