Application of single phase induction motor ppt

This auxiliary single-turn winding is called a shading coil.Currents induced in this coil by the magnetic field create a second electrical phase by delaying the phase of magnetic flux change for that pole (a shaded pole) enough to provide a 2-phase rotating magnetic field.An electrical signal is applied to the input of the motor, and the output of the motor produces a defined amount of torque related to the characteristics of the motor.

Application of single phase induction motor ppt

Since the phase angle between the shaded and unshaded sections is small, shaded pole motors produce only a small starting torque relative to torque at full speed.Please note that the interconnection of the field (stationary winding) and armature (rotating winding) determine the machine's operating characteristics.The shunt DC motor has the field winding in parallel with the armature (Fig. In a parallel circuit, the magnitude of voltage drop across each parallel element is the same, while the magnitude of current through each parallel branch is a function of the impedance of the element.To achieve rotation, there has to be some interaction between magnetic flux produced by electromagnetism within the motor.DC motors and AC motors accomplish this task in different ways.

Application of single phase induction motor ppt

Moreover, they are compatible with TRIAC-based variable-speed controls, which often are used with fans.By definition, an electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.EMF is “the difference in potential that exists between two dissimilar electrodes immersed in the same electrolyte or otherwise connected by ionic conductors.” The terms EMF and voltage are often used interchangeably.Remember Faraday's law of magnetic induction where a magnetic field can generate an electric current?A shaded-pole motor is the original type of AC single-phase induction motor.

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A shaded-pole motor is a small squirrel-cage motor in which the auxiliary winding is composed of a copper ring or bar surrounding a portion of each pole.

Common terms you will hear discussed with DC motors include commutator, brushes, counter electromotive force (EMF), torque, speed regulation, and speed-torque characteristic curves.

When used in a motor application, the commutator is a mechanical device that properly directs current flow to the armature.

DC machines can be classified as self-excited, separately excited, permanent magnet (PM), and brushless.

Self-excited machines can be further classified as shunt, series, and compound.

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